Once consolidated, Behavioural Description are categorised into 3 categories:
Global Child Outcome 1, Global Child Outcome 2, Global Child Outcome 3
These are three outcomes that are measured” which States in USA are required to use when reporting data to the office of Special Education Programme, and which have been adapted to Singapore's context via the ECHO framework. They provide a holistic snapshot of the child's development across settings.
Each GCO is divided into 3 Themes:
GCO1 focuses on Behavioural Descriptions that relate to a child's positive social-emotional relationships.
- GCO1 / Theme 1: Relating to others
- GCO1 / Theme 2: Responding to and expressing emotions
- GCO1 / Theme 3: Following social rules of social interactions
GCO2 focuses on Behavioural Descriptions that relate to a child's acquisition and use of knowledge
- GCO2 / Theme 1: Understanding (concepts/words/symbols) and literacy
- GCO2 / Theme 2: Awareness and understanding of the environment
- GCO2 / Theme 3: Pretend play
GCO3 focuses on Behavioural Descriptions that relate to how a child meets his or her needs
- GCO3 / Theme 1: Taking care of and meeting needs
- GCO3 / Theme 2: Participation and independence in Activities of Daily Living and leisure routine activities
- GCO3 / Theme 3: Navigating the environment and overcoming obstacles
A Behavioural Description can belong in 1 or more GCOs.
Example: A child refuses to share a chocolate bar when asked by her classmate during snack time.
This can be categorised as GCO1 under Theme 3 (Following social rules of social interactions) if assessed to be the child's reluctance to share. But it can also fall into GCO3 under Theme 1 (Taking care of and meeting needs) if assessed to be a result of her hunger or love for chocolate.
Example: A child says “water cold!” to her mother who is giving her a cool shower on a hot afternoon.
This can be categorised as GCO 1 under Theme 2 (Responding to and expressing emotions). Alternatively, it can fall into GCO 2 under Theme 1 (Understanding concepts and literacy) if assessed to be a result of the child's awareness of temperature and the use of the word “cold” appropriately.
When a Behavioural Description can be categorised under more than one GCO, a judgment needs to be made based on the primary function and impact of the child's behaviour. In the example of the child who refuses to share her chocolate bar, GCO1 can be considered over GCO3 as the child can still eat the chocolate bar, albeit a smaller amount, after sharing it.
Staff who are unfamiliar with the GCOs can classify the Behavioural Descriptions into Threads first, which are a sub-division of Themes.